How Will Digitization Effectively Transform Agriculture?

“If you eat, you’re in agriculture.”

That old adage is more true today than ever before. It’s expected that by 2050 our world population will approach 10 billion. That’s double what it was only thirty years ago in 1987. Increased land, water, and resource use for the growing population competes directly with farming needs to feed that population. It’s fortunate that digitization is helping to connect agricultural concerns around the world. But what will the future of farming look like?

How will digitalization effectively transform agriculture?

Though robotic farming may seem far-fetched, it’s here today. Much like yesteryear’s use of satellites for precision agriculture, the additional data provided through the Internet of Things (IoT) allows us to grow more food with fewer resources on less land. With analytics, a farmer in Kenya uses a drone to release beneficial insects in a problem patch. A Kansas wheat farmer helps keep the water table pure by only fertilizing areas in need. Yields are boosted without waste through very specific irrigation management. Total corn production savings can reach 4.5% with yield mapping, 2.4% with GPS soil mapping and 2.7% with guidance systems. Here are some recent innovations we’ve helped bring to life.

What does palm oil’s future look like?

Planting a palm oil plantation requires strong long-term planning. But what does the future hold for this important crop? As palm oil’s popularity has grown, so have the industries it services. Biofuels, cosmetics, and other industries are all impacted by palm oil production in addition to its traditional uses in food. Fortunately, there’s a strong push to improve sustainability in the palm oil industry.

Most palm oil production in the past has been based on overall yields. But tomorrow’s plantation can determine production by every plant. IoT technology allows tracking the exact growing conditions of the palm tree. This means its exact needs are met to maximize yield and minimize waste. But how does this happen?

Aerial photos play a vital role in this process. Drones, planes, and satellites provide imagery to help producers make smart decisions in oil palm plantation management. Sensors provide climate, soil condition, and other data. This collection of data and strong analytics options let the producer manage stressed areas while boosting production in other parts of the plantation.

This process is being moved forward through collaboration across multiple sectors. Research, genetics, machinery, inputs, and the farmer all work hand-in-hand to provide more palm oil with less waste and a more sustainable environmental impact.

The future is sweet with sugarcane production

Though it’s still one of the world’s top sweeteners, sugarcane has also branched out recently into the biofuel and electrical production sectors. A single ton of sugarcane produces 120 kilograms of sugar, 85 liters of ethanol and 25 kilowatt-hours of electricity. But the tropical origins of the plant means it’s always been planted in developing countries with plenty of land and labor. That made it a cheap crop to grow.

Today’s population growth is limiting sugarcane production. This means more care must be taken in crop techniques and inputs to provide maximum results on minimal land. To complicate matters even further, the land it is raised on is often very different. This requires different approaches to achieve these results.

Different climates require the use of different techniques and methods. Ratoon planting allows the crop to be grown from the prior year’s plant stubble. But the number of years can vary greatly. Production-leading Brazil replants new cane every 5 or 6 years. As second-highest producer, India’s climate demands planting new cane every two or three years.

Hand harvesting uses manpower and a sharp hand-tool while providing 500 kg per hour, with rising labor rates making this practice less profitable than in the past. Mechanizing the process allows manual labor to be focused in different area as a single harvester will handle 100 tons of sugarcane per hour. Except for on steep slopes, mechanical harvesting provides a more ecologically sound approach. Satellite-based tractor navigation uses permanent wheel tracks to maximize production while minimizing wasted time and fuel.

Combining sustainable farming practices with economical technological advancement allows us to grow as a people and as a planet. Smarter crop rotation, precision pesticide and fertilizer application, yield mapping and weed sensors are only a few of the advancements farmers will see in the years to come. IoT technology is expected to see a 20% annual compounded growth from 2015 to 2020. New agricultural business models are expected to see a 15%–25% growth in revenue above the industry average.

Farms that add IoT capabilities, Big Data analytics, and similar connected agriculture tools are making strong strides. Imagine yields 10%–20% higher than in the past. They’re also seeing an average increase in profits of 18%. Some farms have seen profit increases of up to 76%.

Learn how to bring new technologies and services together to power digital transformation by downloading The IoT Imperative for Consumer Industries. Explore how to bring Industry 4.0 insights into your business today by reading Industry 4.0: What’s Next?


Internet of Things – Digitalist Magazine

IoT Predictions that will Transform Transportation in 2018

Kyle Connor, Cisco Transportation Industry Principal

Kyle Connor, Cisco Transportation Industry Principal

An article by Kyle Connor, Cisco Transportation Industry Principal.

As the Internet of Things (IoT) continues to connect the world around us, some of the most exciting digital transformations are emerging in the transportation industry. Already, we see cities and states piloting and deploying IoT-enabled technologies that connect transportation infrastructures (mass transit systems, roads and highways, signage and street lights) to vehicles and everything in between. Together, these connections promise to create streamlined, “frictionless” transportation, while increasing safety and sustainability.

The following are five predictions for how IoT will transform transportation 2018:

1 Data will be the new oil.
The typical extent of cities, states and transportation agencies’ involvement with data collection from connected infrastructures and vehicles has been storing and securing it. In 2018, we’ll see entities taking a closer look at the value of this data and finding innovative ways to leverage analytics to create revenue streams, improve quality of life for citizens and offset costs of new technologies. For example, if a department of transportation is deploying roadway sensors that detect fog, it can potentially market the collected data to weather institutions or to navigation systems to provide safer, more efficient travel.
2 Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) will enhance the passenger experience.
In 2018, will see broader uses of Mobility as a Service (MaaS), also known as Transportation-as-a-Service (TaaS). This refers to the move toward mobility solutions that are consumed as a service (such as ride-sharing services like Uber or Lyft), as opposed to personally owned modes of transportation. The use of MaaS across different modes of transportation will provide passengers with a seamless travel experience–from bikeshares, to rideshares, to mass transit systems and more.

IoT Predictions that will Transform Transportation in 2018

3 Transportation agencies will uncover new revenue streams to recoup losses from fewer gas vehicles on the road.
The importance of owning a personal vehicle is diminishing, as automated, connected and ridesharing vehicles increase in prevalence, and more people move toward MaaS. This trend, combined with the fact that more electric vehicles are hitting the roadways, means that state and local governments are gathering fewer profits from gas taxes, tolls and other forms of vehicle-related recurring revenue that help maintain roadways and infrastructure. In 2018, governments and their transportation agencies will look to recoup these losses and find new revenue streams by offering new conveniences and monetizing the data collected through connected infrastructures.
4 Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) will solidify their roles in the connected transportation space.
AI and ML will become much more relevant in the transportation sector in 2018, enabling more automated, predictive analytics, and therefore, better decision-making. AI and ML will increase roads and highways safety and efficiency by making it possible to predict when to deploy emergency response vehicles, tow trucks, snow plows and more. For example, by aggregating and analyzing current and historic weather, microclimate and traffic data, transportation agencies can preemptively deploy salt trucks to roadways that often ice over, just before they begin to freeze. Subsequently, they can predict when fog is likely to appear on hyper-local sections of roadways and warn drivers. These types of predictive decisions, powered by AI and ML, enable transportation to move with fewer disruptions, keep costs down and ensure safer travel.
5 Transportation agencies and governments will expand their partner ecosystems to drive greater adoption of connected technology and create new internal roles.
As more implementers of connected transportation technologies are discovering, it is impossible to pursue a project alone. In 2018, city and state governments will bring in new partners, such as consultants, academia, systems integrators, third-party vendors and more to create teams capable of deploying technologies that impact roadways and citizens’ lives. We’ll also see the emergence of the new role of Chief Innovation Officer in 2018, who will drive the implementation of these IoT strategies.

In the coming year, IoT will undoubtedly fuel the creation of more connected infrastructures within the transportation sector. The way that we travel, whether through personally owned vehicles, mass transit systems, ride shares or MaaS, is on the cusp of change. We’ll keep a close eye on these predicted trends and technologies as we head into 2018.

The post IoT Predictions that will Transform Transportation in 2018 appeared first on IoT Business News.

IoT Business News

Transform Healthcare With Future-Facing Technologies

Never before have there been so many promising breakthrough technologies available – and so many ways to capitalize on them. From the Internet of Things (IoT) to machine learning, cloud to blockchain, analytics, smart devices, and more, these innovations promise to transform industries and offer previously unfathomable possibilities.

By 2025, IoT alone will produce an economic impact of $ 11.1 trillion, of which healthcare will contribute up to $ 3.3 trillion (considering IoT’s usage in human as well as in public health and safety) – according to McKinsey Global Institute.

Roche Diagnostics: Reimagining chronic disease management

But how exactly can these innovative technologies be harnessed to transform healthcare and save lives? Let’s look at how a pioneer is already doing it – Roche Diagnostics.

Roche Diagnostics wanted to reimagine the prevention and treatment of illnesses on a grand scale. It wanted to do so in ways that will empower people to be proactive with their own healthcare. The company had a vision to allow people to age gracefully, without the pain and burden of chronic disease – the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Roche decided to target type II diabetes, an increasing prevalent disease worldwide.

Knowing that diabetes can be treated and its consequences avoided or delayed with diet, physical activity, medication, and regular screening, Roche Diagnostics turned to future-facing technologies – a connected health platform and an open cloud platform-as-a-service providing unique in-memory database and business application services – to create an innovation to that end.

Enter Roche’s Accu-ChekView, a new package that combines a blood glucose monitor, a wearable fitness tracker, and an app. With Accu-ChekView, a patient’s vital signs and blood sugar level can be monitored in relation to their physical activity level in real time. The doctor can observe the patient remotely, and the patient can communicate with the doctor’s office.

Accu-ChekView also fosters a stronger connection between patient and doctor. Patients feel supported and empowered. Lifestyle slip-ups can be caught quickly because the app will red flag the issue, and the doctor and patient can work on solutions together. The innovation has motivated people to take charge of their health and is giving doctors real insights into patients’ lifestyles they never had before.

Pre-diabetic people can now conceivably reverse symptoms and lead a normal, healthy life. And doctors are now learning about the causes of chronic illnesses much faster, with a “bird’s-eye view” of a patient’s life in action.

National Cancer Centre Singapore: Advancing and personalizing cancer treatment

This is not just happening in the western world. Leading organizations in other parts of the world are also harnessing future-facing technologies to revolutionize healthcare.

National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS) recently announced a co-innovation project to help clinical research in Singapore as well as advance the treatment and care for cancer patients. Leveraging a sophisticated connected health platform – the first of its kind in Singapore – the platform is targeted to integrate both structured and unstructured data such as clinical and genomic data.

By opening access to critical data held throughout the healthcare system and generating real, actionable insights for researchers and physicians/oncologists, medical professionals will be able to advance treatment and care for cancer patients. Armed with relevant, powerful insights, healthcare practitioners will be able to generate new treatment ideas – from drugs, to devices, to care plans – and deliver the best outcomes for patients. It also enables the medical community to make sense of the growing amount of data derived from advances and digitalization of the medical industry. This includes data such as medical records and biomolecular profiling of a patient’s tumor cells.

NCCS will also tap innovative technologies to gain deeper patient insights and allow the organization to access real-time analysis and reporting that together lead to personalized treatment options.

Tip of the iceberg: A whole new world for healthcare

And this is just the tip of the iceberg in what new breakthrough technologies can offer.

Examples of functions that transformational technologies can enable include applying blockchain to strengthen privacy and security, using machine learning / artificial intelligence to generate timely strategic insights that can vastly improve health outcomes, and helping healthcare organizations or life sciences companies convert unconnected market offerings into data-driven connected products (IoT).

We are talking about a new healthcare world where patients can get personal health dashboards to drive better health outcomes. Healthcare providers can get access to comprehensive and longitudinal patient data sets with personalized decision support. Medical research can understand risk factors for diseases and drivers for better outcomes. And pharmaceutical companies can benefit by having access to real-world evidence to inform their research and development efforts while allowing them to run innovative clinical trials.

The future is nearly here. It’s time to transform!

Find out more about how other leading organizations are capitalizing on innovative breakthrough technologies.


Internet of Things – Digitalist Magazine

VR Will Transform the Way We Experience these 6 Things

vr will transform our world

Virtual reality (VR) is a new means of audiovisual communication. Its mission is to sell the idea of entry into a three-dimensional computer generated environment where the experience is so surprising that it cuts our minds to believe that this virtual world is really Reality. Its ultimate goal is to allow us to experience the senses we could never experience in our daily lives. VR will transform our world as a result of this ability to deliver experiences.

So far, our experience with the internet was at best two-dimensional. The possibility of touch sensitive screen was the nearest we have been in interacting with the internet, and virtual reality is about to transform that concept. VR will transform the world and bring about a monumental change in the way of buying and experiencing the web, scanning; thanks to the pure power and imagination of human thought. It will drastically transform the way we live, communicate, learn and relate with others all over the globe.

With massive adoption through platforms such as, HTC Vive, Oculus, VR Play station and Cardboard, companies and customers have already begun to turn to augmented reality and virtual platforms as they come online. Projected revenues are reaching over $ 100 billion in 2020 for AR and VR platforms, these platforms will create dramatic upheaval in all industries around the world.

It is clear that our way of life and the way we behave are willing to change dramatically. And while there may be dozens of ways in which VR will transform the world, there are certain basic things that it will have the most effect on.

See Also: Facebook slashes price of Oculus Rift for second time

1. Gaming

The obvious use of virtual reality – and the most proven example is the game. Oculus already has many titles that support it, and Sony PlayStation already has many games that use it.

Is unlikely to be supported by all parties at any time, but we’ve played with Morpheus and Oculus and the VR will provide a strong, spectacular and impressive experience that brings gaming to a new level of excellence.

2. Watching Movies

Something that has contained this spacious miracle is the possibility of films that take advantage of VR capabilities.

Think of 3D movies and then think of the real, true 3D – a cinematic world which you can sight edges and angles in 3D reality and paying more attention to what you choose to watch.

Actually it is theoretical at best, but the probability is there. And it could transform the movie industry forever.

3. Tourism

Think about how compelling it can be to simply look at the world on Google Maps. Then think how shocking it would be to do the same with your eye, a kind of crazy right?

The VR will transform long trips to museums for people who cannot enter the building. Also, in another example of visiting a space, real estate agents can give buyers a peek at a property. Real estate agents could line up a playlist of properties for the buyer to experience and explore. In a similar way, a tour guide could do line-up touristic experiences as a product,

4. Medicine

It is better and safer for surgeons to train to hone their techniques in a simulated environment. But, it would be better for young surgeons to train on not just plastic models or people who have left their bodies to medical sciences.

Therefore, a fully interactive and accurate modeled sample suffers from a variety of diseases requiring surgery through a virtual reality interface could make many surgeons with better training and better performance – which is better for all of us.

Simulator Surgeon developed in 2013 was a language in games based on this condition.

Pilots already learn using flight simulators, but as surgeons they really could do something much more exciting and realistic to improve their skills. VR can be this technology.

5. Exploring Space

The ability to fly through the globe using Google maps interface would be interesting and fun.

The agency in charge of space exploration could put cameras around their equipment and sends off. Scientists then could navigate and visualize space using a virtual reality device. This would allow the exploration of space in a way that we have not seen before.

Maybe you may have heard of Valkyrie – where you take the role of a spaceship pilot – and that seems real, although we knew it was not.

6. Digital Marketing

An exciting way in which virtual reality is set to change the world is by the advancement of digital marketing. While physical marketing is limited by the laws of nature, experiences in the Virtual world are not.

For example, if you are looking to navigate to a Harvard University campus, you will be able to do so, travelling classrooms, walking among students. You may be promoting a concert and want to place visitors there in the midst of this experience in a virtual reality environment.

Companies like YouVisit explore experiential marketing for everyday businesses by offering an easy to use platform for building VR experiences.

Not only is it useful for businesses, but also for consumers. Consumers now can make decisions based on virtual experiences the same way they would with physical ones. Not only is it ideal for hotels and travel, but much more for any other experiential marketing.

See Also: What brands need to know about VR and AR [Infographic]

These 6 categories are a brief introduction into all of the ways VR will transform the experiences around everyday activities. But, even with these new experiences brought by VR, it will still require VR delivering experiences that are otherwise not even remotely possible and further exploration of experiences similar to those mentioned for it to reach its full potential.

The post VR Will Transform the Way We Experience these 6 Things appeared first on ReadWrite.

ReadWrite

IoT set to transform the airport experience

IoT set to transform the airport experience

IoT technologies have the potential to make air travel a smoother door-to-door ride for passengers, as Doug Drinkwater reports.

Airports are usually a terrible experience. You arrive hours early for a flight that may or may not be on time, move slowly through detailed security and pay over the odds for underwhelming food. Add to the mix crowded waiting areas, long queues and cramped seats and it’s not an experience to be anticipated with pleasure.

But could the airport experience be changing for the better? A recent Deloitte report argues that it might be, suggesting that the IoT could “increase revenue” for operators while “simultaneously improving the overall passenger experience.”

Speaking to Internet of Business, the report’s author Candice Irvin, US airline leader for Deloitte Consulting LLP, said that all parties could benefit from a reinvented customer experience.

“Many of the airport IoT examples being touted are focused on the passenger experience – biometric kiosks in customs, blue-dot indoor mapping, and so on,” she told Internet of Business.

IoT has the ability to impact both RASM [revenue per available seat mile] through a differentiated customer experience and/or new revenue streams, and CASM [cost per available seat mile] as result of greater efficiencies.  Likewise, airports have the opportunity to increase revenues and lower operating expenses.”

Internet of Business sees eight key areas where IoT could change that airport experience from beginning to end.

Stage 1: Arrival and check-in

Check-in has improved significantly over recent years, with the introduction of online check-in and speedy bag-drop processes. But more automation is coming.

For example, budget US airline JetBlue has begun using IoT to automate this process through its ‘Auto Check-in’ function. After booking, customers are automatically issued a ticket and given a seat 24 hours before take-off, without having to log onto the app or website. The seat is chosen based on data about the passenger’s preferences, and they are then sent a boarding pass.

“Today, with the technology we have, we don’t need to check you in, so we eliminated the step and our customers love it,” JetBlue CIO Eash Sundaram has said.

Stage 2: Moving through the airport

The check-in process may now be relatively painless, but the same cannot always be said of moving around airports, with passengers often getting lost and/or frustrated by long queues and overcrowding.

Again, new technology is changing that, with Bluetooth beacons, NFC tags, Wi-Fi and geolocation enabling airport operators to pinpoint passengers’ locations – and serve them relevant information, such as flight notices and product offers, at the right time.

This is already a reality across the globe:

These kinds of technologies can do much to simply reduce customer stress, says Jan Willem Kluivers, digital program manager at Air France KLM, which has used beacons and the ‘Spencer’ robot at Schiphol Airport in Amsterdam. 

“If we have the information at hand that we need, then we can offer a better experience and will resolve a lot of stress [customers] have,” he said at last year’s Internet of Aviation event.

Read more: Cranfield, DARTeC and the future of aviation

Stage 3: Security

Dubai International Airport was among the first airports to offer ‘smart’ security gates with automatic identification, with this system cutting waiting times for travelers waiting for immigration officers. Anyone with a machine-readable passport can simply use the ‘smart’ gate and proceed.

While such technology is becoming commonplace, Deloitte’s Irvin says there’s further potential here: “Imagine a process that starts before you even leave your house – by providing your biometric that enables you to check a bag without showing a ticket or ID, and traveling (touchless) through security as your identity and low-risk status is re-confirmed through advanced screening technologies,” she says.

“This can only be achieved through device interconnectivity and a ‘systems of systems’ approach that combines every step of the travel experience, and uses data from every step of the journey to inform a touchless screening journey.”

Stage 4: Lounge experience

Turkish Airlines is using Apple’s iBeacon technology at Istanbul Ataturk Airport’s Lounge. It is designed to work with the airline’s Sky Library application, and allows lounge guests to access the airline’s publications, as well as popular books.

This helps to create a more tailored, ‘premium’ experience, making life more comfortable for customers and generating more revenues as a result.

Stage 5: Is my flight on time?

The customer experience start smoothly, with easy passage from check-in to security and going to gate, but there is one stickler of which all passengers are aware: will the flight actually take off on time? Here, airlines are working hard in the background, says Deloitte’s Irvin.

“Some of the areas where IoT has been present the longest are in the airside operations, which many of us never see, but which we rely on to keep planes on time,” she says. “[These include] systems like ACARS [airport communications addressing and reporting systems], which include sensors on planes that automatically communicate flight status changes to air traffic control via SMS message.  

“Even air traffic control itself, as we move to GPS guidance, is turning planes into sensors – creating an Internet of Planes that is true IoT.”

Read more: Tata Comms: Airlines on digital transformation journey as IoT takes flight

Stage 6: The in-flight experience

Once you’re in the air, IoT could potentially be used to serve up a more tailored, personalized experience. Airlines could get a more accurate view of the customer’s satisfaction, possibly from sensors in seats which measure your anxiety, hydration and temperature. There’s talk, too, of using real-time and historical data to enable the cabin crew to know if you had a disruption on a connecting flight, what your food and beverage preferences are, even your preferred hotel or rental car chain.

For now, IoT in flight has been somewhat gimmicky and more than a little patchy; Qantas worked with Samsung to launch an entertainment service that uses Samsung’s Gear headset to offer a VR viewing experience, while British Airways is said to be investigating the use of ingestible sensors or ‘digital pills’ to wirelessly monitor health information inside a passenger’s body.

The idea with the latter is that the pill could assess a passenger’s wellness during flight, and to help combat jet lag by aiding their sleep, eating and exercise patterns. Whether passengers would be willing to share that information, however, is another matter. 

Stage 7: Landing and connections

In a recent blog post, Dave Bartlett, technology chief at GE Aviation, claims that IoT has the potential to alleviate some of the key pain-points along the passenger’s journey for all involved, namely luggage handling and flight connections.

“Another challenge is the anxiety felt by passengers over tight connections. Permission-based sensing of the passengers at airports could help airlines to make better informed decisions about when to wait and when to close the door,” he writes.

Stage 8: Where’s my bag?

Luggage problems are bad news for passengers, airlines and airport operators; about six to seven bags are lost for every 1,000, according to statistics from SITA and the Department of Transportation, and this results in disgruntled customers and  costly compensation claims.

But by 2018, SITA estimates, nearly half of airports will be using IoT sensors to transmit baggage location information to customers at bag drop and baggage claim. Some airlines have already started.

Late last year, Lufthansa went live with the launch of its RIMOWA Electronic tag, an electronic luggage tag which displays baggage info in the same format, size and appearance of typical paper labels, but on a digital screen built into the luggage unit and located near the handle.

Travelers with a Rimowa tag can send their digital boarding info via Bluetooth from their smartphone to check their bag before they leave home, with details appearing on the bag’s electronic display. After arriving at the airport, they simply hand it in at the airline’s automated check-in station.

Read more: Air China chooses Panasonic to provide inflight entertainment and connectivity

Smart airports, friendly skies

All this, says Deloitte’s Irvin, is just the start: “Real, radical change of the airport experience will come when IoT connects an airport to off-airport assets such as transport options, allowing you to create a door-to-gate travel experience that is the fastest/most comfortable for you – and lets you choose options, on the fly, to adjust to changes.”

She gives as an example traffic congestion in the airport area, which may mean that a passenger coming in by car is not going to make their flight, so offering a $ 10 discount on valet parking instead of requiring them to waste time finding a parking spot themselves.

“The future travel experience is both customized and seamless to the passenger, and enabled through technology innovation,” she concludes.


For more insight into the world of connected aviation and the impact that IoT technologies will have on airlines and airports, readers may be interested in attending our Internet of Aviation event, to be held at London Heathrow on 7 & 8 November.

The post IoT set to transform the airport experience appeared first on Internet of Business.

Internet of Business