Microsoft Aggressively Driving Digital Transformation in India

Microsoft is happy to share that it works with over 200,000 large, medium and small enterprises, 29 State Governments and over 5000 start-ups in the country. The last 18 months, were crucial for the company as their hybrid cloud enabled customers to start their digital transformation.

As the only provider of all three clouds – private, public and hybrid – Microsoft has now launched Azure Stack for India. Azure Stack is an extension of Microsoft’s Azure cloud platform, and brings the agility and fast-paced innovation of cloud computing to on-premises environments and enables entirely new hybrid cloud scenarios. All the major Azure Stack partners HP, Dell, EMC, Lenovo and Cisco, have started shipping Azure Stack to customers in India.

Today, 70 of the top 100 Bombay Stock Exchange listed companies are now using Microsoft cloud. Considering the market potential, three of its 42 global datacenters regions are based out of India, namely Chennai, Pune and Mumbai. Not only this, Microsoft continues to be a certified cloud provider for Governments in India. With partners Microsoft will help customers utilize the full power of our cloud platform and use Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Cognitive Intelligence and Internet of Things (IoT).     Read more…

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Internet Of Things | IoT India

The Digital Age Takes Over: Top 5 Predictions for Reshaping Value in 2018 and Beyond

What’s happening in technology? How is technology changing society and business? Check out 5 predictions that will reshape how value is created and determine the winners of the digital age.
IoT – Cisco Blog

Digital Catapult opens doors on Machine Intelligence Garage

,Digital Catapult opens doors on Machine Intelligence Garage for UK start-ups

Digital Catapult has today launched Machine Intelligence Garage, a program to develop artificial intelligence and machine learning start-ups in the UK.

Digital Catapult is a not-for-profit body that focuses on helping UK businesses to scale up. Its latest initiative, the Machine Intelligence Garage program, previewed in the UK government’s Industrial Strategy last week, aims to support the ambition of making the UK a global centre for artificial intelligence (AI) development. It’s an industry that politicians hope will add £232 billion to the UK economy by 2030.

According to Digital Catapult’s own survey of around 10 percent of the UK’s AI and machine learning (ML) start-ups, more than half are currently held back because they lack access to computation power.

Read more: Digital Catapult to launch three new networks in UK

Garage programme

Digital Catapult’s Machine Intelligence Garage programme, due to begin in January 2018, aims to tackle this issue by giving small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) access to cloud-based and physical computational power for AI. The organization is also promising to host a series of investor pitch days, meet-ups and showcases to create a knowledge-sharing environment among start-ups in this area.

According to Digital Catapult, deep-learning techniques, which have reached human-level performances, incur extortionately high computational costs – a single training run for a ML system can cost upwards of £10,000. This can be a serious barrier for UK innovators and researchers.

Read more: Digital Catapult explains why it’s backing immersive reality

Valid endpoints

Clive Longbottom, analyst at IT advisory company Quocirca, said that when it comes to AI, ML and deep learning, it is very easy for huge amounts of resource to be required to reach a valid endpoint.

“If this is to be done on constrained equipment, then the results can take too long to come back. The costs of putting in place sufficient resource for real-time AI can be horrendous – therefore, it makes sense for a group to come together and enable a suitable environment for smaller start-up companies to access the resources they need,” he explained.

Longbottom suggested that, by sharing physical resources, risks can be shared too.

“For example, if there are 20 companies using a certain hardware system and a better one comes along, moving over to that new hardware is cheaper for everyone as a shared cost, rather than it all being down to a single player,” he said.

“Hopefully, the Machine Intelligence Garage will be a well-shared, multi-player environment with shared resources and shared risks across the board. Whether this will allow the UK to compete effectively against the massive R&D investments from the likes of Microsoft, IBM, AWS and Google in the US, or from low-cost or massively government-backed environments such as China, is something we will have to wait and see,” he added.

Read more: London Zoo turns to IoT to tackle global poaching menace

Partner network

Digital Catapult is collaborating with a number of technology companies, high-performance computing facilities and academics for the three-year programme. These include Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud Platform, NVIDIA, Graphcore, STFC Hartree Centre, EPCC, Newcastle University, the Alan Turing Institute, Bart’s Health Trust and Capital Enterprise. The programme’s initial funders are InnovateUK and ERDF.

Companies developing products or services that use ML or AI can apply to take part in the initiative and applications will be assessed based on a number of criteria. These include strength of  idea, technical implementation plan, availability of data, ethical use of data, and the immediacy of the need for computation power.

Applications for the programme will open every six weeks, with the first open call going live today. The first group of successful companies will join the programme on 23 January 2018.

Read more: Digital Catapult expands LPWAN program for councils and enterprises

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Internet of Business

How Effective Leaders Drive Digital Change

No leader wants his or her team to fail. But, in many digital transformation efforts, creating the conditions in which failure is an acceptable outcome might be key to success. As with Pixar Animation Studios, a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Co., which credits its blockbuster successes to all the storyboards that don’t actually make it onto film, effective digital initiatives often depend on a mix of experimentation, prototyping, and failure.

Creating a culture in which risk-taking is acceptable and giving employees a wide berth to learn from failure (and success) can be difficult challenges for leaders managing change. If the following behaviors aren’t part of your leadership repertoire, you may not be ready to lead a digital transformation.

The importance of these leadership behaviors appeared in a year-long study of a 450-person financial services function within Deloitte Services LP that was implementing a large-scale technology project to streamline reporting, budgeting, and analysis for the entire organization. If successful, many employees in the function would have more time to become trusted advisers to the business, rather than simply focusing on compiling and reporting numbers. The financial services function, however, was risk averse: The entire group was accustomed to complying with fairly stringent regulations and policies but was unaccustomed to voicing their opinions. Becoming advisers by effectively communicating a new way to do business would be a hurdle for much of the staff.

At the end of one year, the research had identified several distinctive characteristics of executives who were most effective at implementing the project: They fostered a culture tolerant of failure and embraced the following four behaviors.

1. Be clear about priorities. Leaders who were clear on shifting priorities and how success would be measured seemed to have much more engaged employees throughout the transition. Goal-setting was an important factor that enabled employees to track their progress and growth. Leaders also frequently reassessed goals and ensured that employees were well aware when priorities and needs shifted. Balancing clear communication of priorities with a willingness to adapt goals when circumstances dictated was important to engaging the workforce during a time of digital transformation.

Before launching the project, executives traveled to local offices to express their vision for the future and set the overarching mission for the finance function. They offered compelling reasons for the technology transformation and gave permission to local site leaders to shift priorities as needed throughout the change. This in-person executive visit was intended to empower local office leaders to tailor the implementation, while also connecting them back to a broader vision of the future.

2. Provide effective two-way feedback. The research findings appear to support the importance of creating psychological safety during check-ins with employees. It may not be enough simply to engage in project report-outs — leaders must also create a culture of psychological safety, giving employees freedom to express concern when things aren’t going right and feel they have the ability to take risks. Doing so allows employees to share new ideas and to believe they are being heard. Leaders in the study who engaged in these types of feedback sessions seemed to be able to get ahead of employee issues before they became a roadblock to the project’s ultimate success.

During the project, frequent pulse surveys were conducted to identify emerging employee pain points. Rather than keep information confidential, pulse survey results were shared broadly across local offices during monthly leadership feedback forums. Leadership teams would also invite team members to participate and provide further feedback on how the project was going. These transparent feedback forums allowed managers and employees to begin collaborating in newfound ways as they focused on overcoming shared challenges, while also identifying shared opportunities for success.

3. Recognize staff and support risk-taking. While extrinsic motivators have their place, we know from behavioral science that intrinsic motivators drive longer-term behavior change. Simply recognizing and acknowledging people for their hard work during times of change can go a long way. However, recognition also typically means sharing the success of a project. Our research found that one way to kill the momentum of a project was for leaders to take all the credit for its success. Leaders who shared responsibility for a project’s success with all levels of staff seemed to achieve much higher levels of employee engagement throughout the project.

One leader brought team members to a high-profile client meeting, allowing employees to see firsthand the impact they were making. Another leader brought their staff to a baseball game and invited the partner of the project to attend as well. As one manager remarked, “I have not only seen changes in my employees’ ability to interact and engage with senior leaders more comfortably, but also in identifying opportunities where they can gain more exposure. And, when they need my help with that exposure, they now ask me for that help.”

4. Engage in frank development conversations. The more effective leaders communicated how change would benefit staff, including how continuous education and training opportunities would help strengthen an employee’s skill set. In addition, these managers did not shy away from transparent conversations on where employees’ efforts were needed in order to move forward. An effective conversation card was developed to help leaders engage in these conversations on a monthly basis with their teams.

Additionally, the more successful project leaders worked with staff to identify development opportunities and engage in conversations beyond the project itself. One manager said, “I used to think if someone made a mistake, it was because they weren’t very strong. I now realize that is part of the learning process and people can change if I am willing to devote the time and attention needed to help their development.” In this manager’s region, employee engagement nearly doubled after leadership instituted monthly development conversations with staff.

Leaders who displayed these four behaviors reaped not only better performance, but greater engagement from their employees throughout the change. Employees were much more likely to report back higher levels of learning and growth, and greater meaning from their work. These four behaviors, which allowed employees to share ideas more freely and embrace taking risks, appeared to lead to higher-performing teams during this digital transformation. This was further evidenced by year-over-year manager effectiveness increases of over 10% once these behaviors became commonplace throughout the regions. Regions that once lagged the organizational average in managerial effectiveness, now led in many of the managerial effectiveness metrics.

Digital transformation may not be easy, but effective leadership can help bolster the chance of success. There is typically so much emphasis on the technology itself, establishing implementation road maps marked with important milestones, that the people part can easily be overlooked. Yet, we know from research that people are the lynchpin to a digital transformation’s success. Leaders who are able to actively engage their people are much more likely to experience not just success — but greater satisfaction throughout the change.


MIT Sloan Management Review

Is Your Company Ready for a Digital Future?

In preparing for the future, many large, established enterprises are embarking on a digital business transformation journey — often without any sense of where they are going. In this article, we will present four viable pathways for transformation and examine their pros and cons. However, the goal isn’t digital transformation but rather business transformation — using digital capabilities to transform a traditional enterprise into a top performer in the digital economy. We call such top-performing enterprises “future-ready.”

In 2015 and 2017, we surveyed several hundred enterprises,1 examining both the capabilities needed for transformation and the impacts on performance. We also had conversations with more than 50 executives to learn about their experiences with digital business transformation. Respondents represented a wide variety of industries, with manufacturing, financial services, and IT software and services being the biggest groups. Based on our analysis, future-ready enterprises performed much better than their industry peers. But we also found that, even within a single industry, enterprises can take different paths to becoming future-ready. This article looks at four banks that have taken different pathways: Danske Bank, mBank, BBVA, and ING.

Becoming Future-Ready

Becoming future-ready requires changing the enterprise on two dimensions — customer experience and operational efficiency. (See “How Companies Compare on Digital Business Transformation.”)

Future-Ready

Future-ready enterprises are able to innovate to engage and satisfy customers while at the same time reducing costs. Their goal is to meet customers’ needs rather than push products, and customers can expect to have a good experience no matter which service delivery channel they choose. On the operations side, the company’s capabilities are modular and agile; data is a strategic asset that is shared and accessible to all those in the company who need it. The enterprise is ready to compete in the digital economy and able to work with a wide variety of partners through both digital services and exposed application programming interfaces (APIs). By these criteria, 23% of the businesses we surveyed were future-ready, shown in the upper-right quadrant of the exhibit. Their performance averaged 16 percentage points better than their industry average, meaning that if the average net profit margin for a company in a given industry was 8%, future-ready enterprises earned 24%.

Silos and Complexity

Of the companies we surveyed, 51% were in the bottom-left quadrant, with an extensive catalog of products and services developed over many years. Their products and services are supported by a complex set of business processes, systems, and data. The result is a fragmented, labor-intensive, and frustrating customer experience, often made worse by product silos within the company.

Frequently, the ability of such organizations to provide an engaging customer experience depends heavily on heroics by employees. For example, we watched one bank teller work with an elderly customer who wanted to change her address on six different bank products. The number of keystrokes required to make the necessary changes was dizzying. During a 20-minute encounter, the teller chatted amiably with the customer about the local sports team. An amazing effort, to be sure — but not scalable. It shouldn’t be surprising that, in our survey, the profit margins of enterprises from this group were weak; they averaged 5 percentage points below their industry average.

Industrialized

Companies characterized by digital industrialization, shown in the bottom-right quadrant, apply the best practices of automation to their operations. They use the features that make them strong as an enterprise and turn them into modular and standardized digitized services. For example, companies in this group picked the best way of handling each key task (processing an insurance claim, on-boarding a customer, or assessing risk) and deployed it across the enterprise. They configured their services into plug-and-play modules to meet particular customer requirements quickly and inexpensively. The consolidated data created from the customer interactions and operations can become a competitive asset that anyone involved in the enterprise can access. Over time, many of these processes and decisions can be automated. Of the companies we studied, 11% were in the industrialized group; their net profit margins averaged 4.6 percentage points higher than their industry average.

Integrated Experience

Enterprises offering what we call an “integrated experience,” shown in the upper-left quadrant, provide a better-than-industry-average customer experience despite having complex operations. Some of the companies emulated the industry-leading model epitomized by United Services Automobile Association (USAA), the San Antonio, Texas-based financial services group. USAA is organized around addressing a customer’s life events (for example, buying a house, having a baby, or preparing for retirement) rather than on pushing products. We have seen companies that want to offer an integrated experience develop attractive websites and mobile apps and hire more relationship managers to improve the customer experience. Many attempt to improve the customer experience by investing in analytics. However, we have found that these enterprises typically are unable to simplify or automate the underlying and complex business processes, technology, and data landscape. As a result, they see their costs of serving customers increase. About 15% of enterprises we studied offered an integrated experience; their net profit margins averaged 3.6 percentage points below their industry average.

Four Pathways to Transformation

We identified four different pathways that companies took to become future-ready. Each pathway begins in the bottom-left quadrant (Silos and Complexity), and each involves significant organizational disruption.

Pathway 1: Standardize first. Pathway 1 moves enterprises from the Silos and Complexity quadrant to the Industrialized quadrant. This pathway relies on building a platform mindset with API-enabled business services that can be accessed across the enterprise and also externally. It enables an organization to eliminate many of its legacy processes and systems. But, as anyone who’s been through an enterprise resource planning, customer relationship management, or core banking project will attest, replacing core processes in an enterprise is an expensive, multiyear undertaking. It also requires putting many other projects on hold. Cloud computing, APIs, micro services, and better solution architectures make this industrialization process quicker, less risky, and less disruptive.2 However, embarking on Pathway 1 takes time. Among other things, it requires changing the decision rights to emphasize integrated services for customers, rather than focusing on products.3

Danske Bank A/S, headquartered in Copenhagen, Denmark, and operating in 16 countries, has been pursuing Pathway 1. The vision it presented on its website in 2012 was: “One platform — exceptional brands.” Danske Bank’s approach brought some early benefits, allowing it to acquire five banks in six years and to reduce operating expenses. In the past few years, Danske Bank has also revamped its financial products into a set of banking services that can be combined to create products in real time across distribution channels in most markets. In the core banking services, 90% of its applications are shared and standardized. At the same time, it simplified its management structure, slimming down its product owner organizations. Whereas there used to be many executives responsible for credit cards, for example, today there’s just one.4

Danske Bank’s “one platform” approach has also delivered longer-term benefits in terms of its relationships with customers and its reputation among peers. In the five years between November 2012 and November 2017, its share price rose approximately 150%. Although the bank cut its number of retail branches by half between 2012 and 2015, it has seen tremendous increases in e-banking. About 2.2 million of its 3.2 million customers use Danske Bank’s e-banking platform for such things as paying bills, accessing accounts, and managing their retirement savings. Moreover, the bank’s payment app, called MobilePay, is so popular that it has been embraced by other Scandinavian banks.5

Pathway 2: Improve customer experience first. Pathway 2 involves moving from the Silos and Complexity to the Integrated Experience quadrant. Companies choose this strategy when their most pressing strategic goal is to improve the customer experience across the whole enterprise, tackling the problem across multiple organizational silos. Typically, they attempt to do several things at once: develop new attractive offers, build mobile apps and websites, improve call centers, and empower relationship managers — all with the goal of measurably increasing customer satisfaction.

One company following this approach is mBank S.A., headquartered in Warsaw, Poland. The bank’s leadership realized back in 2000 that the typical banking customer experience in Poland was far from positive. This led mBank to initiate a series of changes, including opening call centers, offering online services, and adding many new banking products. As it introduced new products and features, it also expanded into new markets in two neighboring countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.6

Eventually, mBank’s leadership concluded that the company’s old service platform had reached its limit. Struggling to deliver the desired flexibility and customer experience — and predicting that the problems would only worsen — the bank set out to develop a new banking platform. Created over 14 months, the new platform offers customers a wide range of features, including 30-second loan approvals, mobile payments, video chat, integration with Facebook, peer-to-peer transfers, and cardless ATM withdrawals. The new platform is designed to increase efficiency and reduce time to market. When customers perform transactions or make changes on their mBank mobile app, the information is available immediately to customer representatives and distribution channels.

To grow, mBank has created business channels that tap into its digitized platform, allowing it to offer services to an expanded set of customers via partnerships with other companies. It is thus able to expand the business into new markets or offer its services through noncompeting banks in other countries.

The advantages of Pathway 2 include focusing on the customer first and improving the customer experience, which results in higher customer satisfaction scores and sometimes increased sales. The biggest disadvantage is that the improvements in the customer experience typically add more complexity to already complex systems and processes, increasing the cost to serve a customer. Employees may still need to perform heroics to deliver what was promised.

Pathway 3: Take stair steps. Enterprises on Pathway 3 move toward becoming future-ready by alternating their focus from improving customer experience to improving operations and then back again, shifting the focus back and forth as needed. For example, the first move might be a project to implement an omnichannel experience. After that, companies might improve operations, perhaps by replacing a few legacy processes or creating an API layer. Then, they might attempt to put together a more attractive set of customer offerings by making smarter use of internal data.

With this approach, the difference between success and failure is having a road map that informs everyone’s efforts versus taking a haphazard approach. The best way to tell the difference is to ask a manager how a specific project fits into the overall plan. The advantage is that the steps, which consist of tightly coordinated sets of projects, are smaller, reducing risk. The disadvantage is that explaining the intermittent changes in direction can be difficult and can even confuse employees. In some enterprises, we have seen organizational whiplash from changes in direction, with a reduction in employee effectiveness and an increase in burnout.

An example of Pathway 3 can be found in Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria Sociedad Anonima (BBVA), based in Bilbao, Spain. Responding to challenges he saw in the banking industry, BBVA executive chairman Francisco González announced plans in 2015 to build “the best digital bank of the 21st century.”7 In its effort to reshape the customer experience, BBVA introduced a mobile app in 2014 that offers simple new-customer on-boarding in less than five minutes. It serves as a digital wallet and allows customers to set up appointments and conduct instant messaging conversations with managers. The app also allows easy, automated purchases from a self-service suite of products, including consumer loans and investment funds. The changes have been well-received by bank customers; in early 2017, customers interacted with the bank on average 150 times per year via their mobile devices, compared to four branch visits in the same year.

To improve efficiency, BBVA has worked hard to remove legacy business processes that had been constructed over time from many different systems and versions of data, replacing them with scalable, reusable global digital platforms. Today, BBVA offers customers a digital experience via a reliable core banking platform, enabling new developments that combine the bank’s open APIs and other capabilities. A big advantage of this approach is that other enterprises, including retailers, telcos, and even startups, are able to tie into the bank’s services, thereby enhancing their own products.

Pathway 4: Create a new organization. Rather than fight an uphill battle to transform their existing organization, leaders who choose to pursue Pathway 4 start new enterprises that begin life as future-ready. In the automobile industry, for example, German carmaker Audi AG recently created a wholly owned subsidiary to develop experimental mobility services apart from car ownership. In banking, ING Groep N.V., the multinational banking and financial services company based in Amsterdam, has pursued a similar approach with ING Direct.

ING launched ING Direct in Canada in 1997 before expanding into Australia, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, the United States, and other countries. By 2006, it had 13 million customers in nine countries. Although ING Direct did have some ATMs, it had no branches. Customers interacted with the bank by phone, mail, or online. After beginning as a monoline bank offering high-interest deposit products, it gradually added multiple new products, including loans and mortgages.

ING Direct’s country-based businesses operated autonomously but shared a common set of standardized business solutions and technical platform components. Module reuse kept operational costs low, allowing the businesses to offer higher savings rates and lower-cost loans.8

It took several years for ING Direct to establish its brand, culture, products, platforms, and partnerships. In our research, we have seen that the big challenge for enterprises taking Pathway 4 is figuring out how to bring the parent company and the transformed enterprise together.

Everything about them — their business models, their cultures, even the customers they cater to — tends to be different. Like every parent of a Pathway 4 enterprise, ING had to figure out how to deal with a successful spin-off. Complicating matters was the fact that there was no single ING Direct; each country operated a little differently. In the face of difficulties following the 2008 financial crisis, ING sold some of its operations, including ING Direct in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom,9 while continuing to hold on to its businesses in other countries, including Australia and Spain. The company says that it plans to standardize on a single digital banking platform by 2021, with data and support functions shared across countries and product lines.10

The advantage of Pathway 4 is that it allows an enterprise to build its customer base, people, culture, processes, and systems from scratch to be future-ready. It doesn’t need to deal with legacy systems or silos or culture. The challenge is that once the new entity is successful, how do you — or do you — integrate it with the mother ship?

Choosing a Pathway

Leadership’s role is to determine which pathway the enterprise (or, depending on the circumstances, the business unit) should take and how aggressively to move. Start by determining where the company is today — based on metrics such as net promoter score and net margin — compared to the rest of the industry.

Another important step is selecting the right executive to lead the transformation.11 The right choice will depend on the company’s circumstances, the industry environment, and the direction management wants to go.

  • Pathway 1 makes sense if the customer experience the company provides is around industry average and the threat of digital disruption is not high. CIOs are a good choice to lead Pathway 1.
  • Pathway 2 makes sense if the customer experience the company provides is significantly worse than average and you can’t wait to improve, or if there are worrisome new competitors. An executive passionate about customer experience who is technologically literate is a good choice to lead Pathway 2.
  • Pathway 3 makes sense if the customer experience the company provides is a problem, but you can identify a few limited initiatives that will make a big difference. Start with those and then focus on operations — and repeat in small steps. A chief digital officer is a good choice to lead Pathway 3.
  • Pathway 4 — building a new enterprise — makes sense when you can’t see a way to change the culture or the customer experience and operations fast enough to survive. The CEO or COO are good choices to lead Pathway 4.

Once the company — that is, the board, the CEO, and the senior management team — settles on a pathway, the difficult work begins. The digital era is a great opportunity for leaders to reinvent the enterprise. The most successful enterprises will need to become future-ready and ambidextrous — constantly innovating to improve customer experience while also working to reduce costs. Those that don’t become future-ready will likely suffer a death by a thousand cuts, with startups, players from other industries, and agile competitors slicing bits out of their businesses.

We conclude on a cautionary but realistic note. We recently ran a workshop on digital business transformation with the CEO and the executive team of an international financial services firm. We asked attendees to plot their company’s journey over the previous three years using the pathway framework. After the other executives had presented, we invited the CEO to share his version. He drew a series of movements, beginning in the “Silos and Complexity” quadrant, moving up, then to the right, then down and back, charting a convoluted path that continued for several more squiggles. When the CEO finished, he stepped back and said, “You know, it’s not as if we planned to do it that way. But using the objective metrics against our industry, this is the path we followed.”

He concluded by expressing his view that leaders need to pick a pathway and then stick to it. Ultimately, we think this is good advice. After all, transformation is difficult. All of a company’s stakeholders — including the board, employees, partners, and customers — need to know where the enterprise is going and how it plans to get there.


MIT Sloan Management Review