Fujitsu Develops World’s Smallest Sensor Device Supporting LPWA Communication

Fujitsu Develops World's Smallest Sensor Device Supporting LPWA Communication

Fujitsu Develops World's Smallest Sensor Device Supporting LPWA Communication

Eliminates Need for Battery Replacement. On-site data can be directly transmitted to the cloud across several kilometers just by placing an 82x24x6 mm miniature sensor.

Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. today announced development of the world’s smallest sensor that eliminates the need to replace batteries.

The new sensor supports Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) wireless transmission technology that can reach a broad area with low power.

As the spread of IoT systems gains momentum, expectations are rising for sensor devices that support LPWA technology, which can wirelessly transmit sensor information directly to the cloud. In order to create systems that employ this technology, there has been a demand for the development of easy-to-install miniature devices using solar cells to achieve both convenience and low cost, which dispense with the need to replace batteries.

Fujitsu Laboratories previously developed power control technology(1) that can operate a beacon with the power provided just by a solar cell. Conventionally, power output variation of solar cells due to temperature had been tolerated by enlarging the size of energy storage elements. Now, however, Fujitsu Laboratories has developed technology that achieves high power efficiency by controlling signal transmission timing based on the temperature variation measured by a temperature sensor, which makes it possible to reduce the required energy storage elements for signal transmission by half. This has enabled Fujitsu Laboratories to successfully miniaturize the device to a size of 82x24x6 mm, creating the world’s smallest sensor device supporting LPWA that does not need replacement batteries.

In a test of the sensor device using this technology, Fujitsu Laboratories confirmed that the collected temperature and humidity data can be transmitted to a Sigfox(2) base station over a distance of about 7 km. Since it is now possible to acquire measured data even from locations where it is difficult to secure power and install power cables just by placing these sensor devices, the maintenance-free deployment and management of IoT systems has become a reality, accelerating the process of on-site digitalization.

Development Background

The spread of IoT systems has progressed in recent years, and it is predicted that by 2020, several tens of billions of IoT devices will be connected to the cloud through networks. In IoT systems, information collected from multiple sensors installed in the field, need to be transmitted to and analyzed on the cloud, and LPWA has been gaining attention as a wireless technology that can directly transmit data to the cloud with low power consumption across a wide area. From a convenience and cost standpoint there are high hopes for miniaturization, which not only meets the LPWA standards, while utilizing solar cells that eliminate the need for replacement.

Issues

Fujitsu Laboratories has previously developed power control technology using miniature circuits that can transmit data over short distances wirelessly using Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE). This technology realizes sensor devices that support BLE without the need to exchange batteries, providing power with solar cells, and reliably activating a wireless circuit by monitoring and adjusting the balance between power generation and consumption.

Sensor devices using this previous technology, however, could not support LPWA. That’s because the time required for transmission with LPWA is significantly longer than with BLE. LPWA transmits small amounts of data slowly in order to ensure signal quality over long distances. In effect, this means that a single transmission can require significant power usage of up to about 1,500 times of BLE.

About the Newly Developed Technology

Now, Fujitsu Laboratories has developed new power control technology to ensure transmission power while minimizing circuit size. This technology’s advantages are as follows.

1. Power control technology that permits power variations with temperature

Fujitsu Laboratories has developed power control technology that can control the timing of LPWA signal transmissions in real time, based on temperature data collected from a temperature sensor. With this technology signal transmissions are only carried out at the time when the activation voltage, which varies with temperature, is maximized in order to prevent it from falling below the minimum operational voltage for LPWA module. By using power efficiently in this way, it is possible to tolerate variation in power consumed by the wireless circuit or power generated by solar cells due to temperature. This eliminates the need for the excess energy storage elements that were previously necessary to respond to power fluctuations, enabling miniaturization of the sensor device with the smallest power storage elements required.

2. Power monitoring technology that reliably activates the temperature sensor

In order for the power control technology to operate reliably, the device must be able to continually and reliably activate the temperature sensor with a small amount of power. To resolve this challenge, Fujitsu Laboratories has developed power monitoring technology that analyzes voltage changes in power source, and accurately judges whether or not sufficient power has been stored to operate the temperature sensor. This technology can prevent unnecessary shutdowns of the temperature sensor by using the minimum amount of power based on the temperature.

Effects

This technology was implemented using Sigfox, an LPWA standard, creating the world’s smallest sensor device (82x24x6 mm) supporting LPWA communications without the need to replace batteries.

Fujitsu Laboratories verified that temperature and humidity data could be transmitted once every ten minutes, over seven days directly to a base station about 7 km away, in an environment with illumination of 4,000 lux. Fujitsu Laboratories also verified that the data could be visualized through the Fujitsu Cloud Service K5 IoT Platform, Fujitsu Limited’s IoT data utilization platform service, which has received Sigfox Ready Program for IoT PaaS certification as an IoT platform that connects to the Sigfox cloud.

This means that sensor data can easily be acquired in the cloud just by setting sensor devices, even in places where it is difficult to secure power or install power cables. This will enable maintenance-free installation and management of IoT systems, accelerating the process of digitalization in the field.

Future Plans

Fujitsu Laboratories will continue to conduct field trials aimed at the real-world use of these sensor devices, incorporating this technology into the Fujitsu Cloud Service K5 IoT Platform and Fujitsu Frontech Limited’s sensor solutions as connected devices, with the goal of commercialization in fiscal 2018. Furthermore, we will continue to develop technologies to miniaturize sensor devices.

Comment from Yoshihito Kurose, President, KYOCERA Communication Systems Co., Ltd. (KCCS):

“As the utilization of IoT is expected to continually increase, KCCS predicts that solutions utilizing the low power consumption feature of the Sigfox network will be developed in a variety of industries.”

“KCCS believes that Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd.’s development of a sensor device, which does not require battery charging by way that device operation is enabled by a solar battery, will promote the use of Sigfox not only in Japan but around the world.”

“As the Sigfox Operator in Japan, KCCS is working with Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. and other partners to enable everything to be connected to the Sigfox network and is contributing to the creation of a safe and pleasant society.”

[1] Developed power control technology Fujitsu Develops Industry’s First Flexible IoT-Supporting Beacon That Needs No Battery Replacement (press release, March 25, 2015) http://www.fujitsu.com/global/about/resources/news/press-releases/2015/0325-02.html
[2] Sigfox A global IoT network using LPWA provided by Sigfox, a company established in France in 2009. KYOCERA Communication Systems Co., Ltd. is the sole network service provider in Japan.

The post Fujitsu Develops World’s Smallest Sensor Device Supporting LPWA Communication appeared first on IoT Business News.

IoT Business News

Dual offerings for Secured Communication from Microchip

Keeping in mind the losses incurred from remote cyber-attacks and counterfeit products, Microchip Technology has announced dual offerings. The new ATECC608A CryptoAuthentication device is a secure element that allows developers to add hardware-based security to their designs. The newly announced Security Design Partner Program for connecting developers can enhance and expedite secure designs.

Security is essential for today’s connected applications, especially for those spanning from hardware to the cloud,” said Nuri Dagdeviren, vice president, Microchip’s Secure Products Group. “This is why Microchip offers both proven hardware security solutions and an unprecedented level of partnership with leading cloud providers. This gives our customers all the building blocks to create secure solutions that protect their IP, brand value and revenue streams.”

In addition to providing hardware security solutions, customers have access to Microchip’s Security Design Partner Program. These industry-leading companies, including Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Google Cloud Platform, provide complementary cloud-driven security models and infrastructure. Other partners are well-versed in implementing Microchip’s security devices and libraries. Whether designers are looking to secure an Internet of Things (IoT) application or add authentication capabilities for consumables, such as cartridges, or accessories, the expertise of the Security Design Partners can reduce both development cost and time to market.  Read more…

The post Dual offerings for Secured Communication from Microchip appeared first on Internet Of Things | IoT India.

Internet Of Things | IoT India

Building an ALS communication device with Arduino

The father of hacker Ricardo Andere de Mello’s good friend has ALS. His symptoms have become worse recently, causing the loss of much of his motor control. To help with the situation, de Mello decided to build a device that would enable him to communicate with his family.

What he came up with was a finger-mounted accelerometer that senses movement, and feeds data to a computer using an Arduino Uno, updated for HMI use. The computer then allows the ALS patient to speak via the same ACAT software used by Steven Hawking.

The result is a system that is very affordable, and that can hopefully help a lot of people with this and other debilitating conditions. For more information, be sure to check out the project’s write-up and watch its demo videos below.

Arduino Blog

Beartooth and Semtech’s LoRa Technology Provides Reliable Communication in Cellular Outages

Beartooth and Semtech’s LoRa Technology Provides Reliable Communication in Cellular Outages

Beartooth products are ideal in natural disasters as LoRa Technology enables a long range link between devices.

Semtech Corporation announced that Beartooth, an innovative handheld device company, has leveraged Semtech’s LoRa® devices and wireless RF technology (LoRa Technology) by enabling users to talk, text and locate friends in a cellular network outage.

While many other push-to-talk (PTT) applications often experience a loss in functionality during times of disaster due to network congestion and failure, Beartooth was designed to eliminate the reliance on cellular data and provide reliable connectivity. Beartooth devices have supported relief efforts during the recent Hurricane Harvey in Texas, allowing elite tactical units and search and rescue groups to continue their efforts to help survivors without the need for Wi-Fi. When paired with a smartphone, Beartooth users can correspond directly and unlike traditional apps that drain battery power, the LoRa-based device has low-power consumption.

“There are many PTT apps available on the market today, but these applications cannot operate when the network is congested or experiencing an outage,” said Michael Monaghan, CEO of Beartooth.

“Beartooth, leveraging Semtech’s LoRa Technology, now allows users to be connected at all times without being reliant on cellular networks.”

“In natural disasters, many individuals lose the ability to communicate with others due to network infrastructure failures. It is critical to have an established Internet of Things (IoT) platform that can bridge this gap when individuals are in a crisis,” said Marc Pegulu, Vice President and General Manager of Semtech’s Wireless and Sensing Products Group.

“The Beartooth device integrated with Semtech’s LoRa Technology, with its long-range and low-power capabilities, can help save lives by connecting individuals with rescue teams or their families.”

The post Beartooth and Semtech’s LoRa Technology Provides Reliable Communication in Cellular Outages appeared first on IoT Business News.

IoT Business News

How Satellite Communication is Enabling Global Coverage for IoT

Internet of Things (IoT) is all about connectivity. According to Gartner, more than 20 billion connected things will be in use worldwide by 2020. Smartphones interconnected to smart homes and vehicles, Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), and smart cities produce a lot of data. This massive amount of data or big data, in turn, makes these entities intelligent. A reliable 24/7 connectivity demands an efficient communications network that spans across the global.

Which communications technology is capable of handling 20 billion connections scattered all over the globe? It is not just about managing the flood of connections but also capturing all the data produced.

Business operations that extend into unmanned sites and offshore platforms have been using satellites for decades to provide connectivity for facility monitoring and instantaneous management. Examples include transcontinental voyagers, pipelines across deserts, oil drilling stations somewhere in the sea, and fiber-optic cables connecting the continents.

Since its advent, IoT has been pushing existing technologies beyond their existing scope. New research and applications are assisting IoT-based innovation in robustly fitting into the current technology landscape. Whether it is the blockchain technology to provide security and privacy or real-time data analytics for decision support, IoT is increasingly becoming a driving force for technological innovation.

Global Connectivity Challenge: Satellites Show the Way

Custom engineered space-based communication seems to be the only feasible solution to the problem of interconnecting IoT devices scattered across the globe. Satellite technology has the potential to support the development of the IoT sector. Satellites can easily handle such wide-spread connectivity challenge. The speed of data transaction for such high loads might prove to be a problem. It is, however, just a matter of time before innovative solutions spring up.

Satellite operators are already collaborating to bring forth such services and hardware that can unleash the full potential of IoT. They are developing satellite-based solutions that can be easily integrated into hybrid networks that combine fiber, wireless networks, and satellite. Once IoT is empowered with a global network of billions of interconnected devices, it will usher in sweeping changes with impact to business model transformation and new capabilities.

Currently, narrowband providers (L band operating frequency range 1–2 GHz in the radio spectrum) are being used for IoT connectivity purposes. But advancement in high-throughput Ku-band and Ka-band satellite connections have created a broadband expressway in space.

The global nature of satellite systems and the ability to broadcast to multiple points at the same time makes it the most efficient signal delivery on earth. Satellite transmissions can

work seamlessly with terrestrial networks to attain global coverage.

LEO, GEO, and ATG Satellites

Among Low Earth Orbit (LEO), Geosynchronous Earth Orbit (GEO), and Air-to-Ground (ATG) networks, commercially, GEO is the best option currently. There are many technical challenges in connecting a non-GEO constellation to a vehicle or device, especially the terminal products. This task primarily requires a hybrid solution with the ability to innovate the satellite ecosystem.

Satellite operators are investing in meta-material-based antenna technology to develop Flat Panel Antennas (FPAs). Such antenna and terminal products will be no bigger than a laptop in size, and would provide mobility, content delivery, and wireless backhaul.

Meanwhile, researchers are working on a new model as well. It combines the advantages of GEO and LEO satellites. These hybrid fleets will bring the polar regions under broadband coverage. This model will help in layering bandwidth for high-density traffic regions and applications that require redundancy.

Dublin City University (DCU) and the European Space Agency (ESA) are collaborating to establish a maker space for IoT developers. It will enable the creation and rapid prototyping of satellite technology to support the advancement in machine-to-machine and IoT technologies.  DCU and ESA are focusing on three areas of space communications: development of sensors to aid in search-and-rescue operations, monitoring of critical infrastructure, and adaption of existing radio protocols and standards found in Earth-based communications with systems in space. They believe that research on these three streams will unlock the potential of satellite communication.

Iridium Communication as a Significant Player

Iridium Communications is also playing a significant role in the broad adoption of satellite-based communication. They are launching their brand new IoT product “Iridium Edge.” It has been approved for use in many global markets including Canada, Europe, Australia, and the U.S.

It will enable the fixed-location, satellite-based monitoring devices to add satellite connectivity for cellular-based applications.

Tim Last of Iridium Edge informs that a number of their partners are willing to expand their IoT application to uncharted territories. However, they lack the wherewithal to develop a solution by themselves. And that’s where he believes Iridium Edge can play a major role—taking them global.

The device contains an Iridium modem and antenna enclosed in a small waterproof enclosure. Iridium is of opinion that Iridium Edge can provide connectivity while avoiding blockage problems. This is due to integrated design of the Iridium constellation with a network of interconnected satellites creating a coverage web.

The recent SpaceX satellite constellation will enable Iridium Certus to provide faster speeds and higher throughputs. In addition, it will also facilitate low-latency satellite connectivity for tracking, monitoring, and management functions.

Other Players

Inmarsat and Actility also teamed up combining Inmarsat’s global L band satellite connectivity platform with Actility’s ThingPark IoT management platform to deliver an integrated solution in the form of a LoRaWAN-based network.

NSR estimates that by 2023 there will be 5.8 million machine-to-machine (M2M) and IoT connections via satellite worldwide. This will also result in low cost-per-bit connectivity.

Communication Among Vehicles

Communication companies are also competing to provide bandwidth to the vehicles. They are planning on providing hybrid connectivity to cars, featuring both satellite and terrestrial LTE Cellular technologies. This way satellites will broadcast software updates to cars and other IoT devices on a global scale.

Security updates are one of the primary concern in IoT devices. This capability gives satellites a strategic advantage in providing both operating and navigation software updates. When it comes to cybersecurity, the satellite system is far superior to the cellular system. This is because it reduces cyber attack vectors by eight or nine orders of magnitude.

An autonomous vehicle (AV) will work efficiently in the presence of two different types of external signal connections. Time-sensitive operational functions of the car that require information about other vehicles can rely on LTE networks antenna. Other functions can use satellites as a medium of communications, because of its omnipresence and broadcast abilities.

Whether it is an autonomous vehicle or an airplane, satellite communication will enable them to update real-time position data. Additionally, remote engine monitoring and calibration of integrated systems are also commonly quoted applications.

About Scott Amyx

CEO at Amyx+, IBM IoT Futurist, TEDx, European Commission, United Nations, Wiley Author, TechCrunch, Postscapes & IoT Institute, Winner of Innovation Awards.

https://amyxinternetofthings.com/

(c) istockphoto.com/ spainter_vfx

The post How Satellite Communication is Enabling Global Coverage for IoT appeared first on IoT Tech Expo.

IoT Tech Expo